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Windows CMD Commands Cheat Sheet

Daniil Fedorov
August 2, 2021

Sometimes you can forget cmd commands in Windows and saving them on your computer or a peace of paper as a cheat sheet is a good practice. This list is not complete but it contains most commonly used commands. Feel free to add your most commonly used commands in the comments below and share the list.

Files and Folders Management

  • COPY - Copies files to another location
  • DIR – Displays files and folders in current directory
  • DEL or ERASE - Deletes files
  • EDIT - Starts file editor
  • CD - Changes directory
  • EXPAND - Decompresses compressed files
  • FC - Compares files and shows the differences between them
  • FIND - Finds a text string in the file
  • MD or MAKEDIR - Creates a folder
  • MOVE - Moves files from one folder to another
  • PRINT - Prints out the text file contents
  • RD or RMDIR - Deletes a folder
  • REN or RENAME - Renames a file or folder
  • REPLACE - Replaces files in one directory with files of the same name in another directory (overwrite)
  • ROBOCOPY - Uses an advanced tool to copy files and directories
  • TREE - Shows directory structure of a disk or folder
  • TYPE - Displays the contents of text files
  • OPENFILES – Manages opened local or network files
  • XCOPY - Copies files and directory trees

Applications and Processes

  • SCHTASKS - Executes a command or start a scheduled application (Task Scheduler)
  • SHUTDOWN - Shutdowns or reboots your computer
  • TASKLIST - Lists the tasks being performed
  • TASKKILL - Stops or halts a task (to stop a task you use a PID which you can find out from TASKLIST)
  • REG – Starts registry editor
  • RUNAS - Launches the task as another user

Disks Management

  • CHKDISK - Checks disk and shows statistics
  • DEFRAG – Starts disk defragmentation
  • CHKNTFS - Displays or changes execution of disk check at boot
  • COMPACT - Displays and change the compression of files in NTFS partitions
  • CONVERT - Converts FAT disk volume to NTFS
  • DISKPART - Displays and adjusts disk partition properties
  • FORMAT - Formats the disk
  • FSUTIL - Displays and configures file system properties
  • LABEL - Creates, changes, or deletes a disk volume label
  • RECOVER - Recovers data from a bad or damaged disk
  • VOL - Displays volume label and serial number for the disk

System Information

  • DATE - Outputs or sets the current date
  • TIME - Displays or sets the system time
  • DRIVERQUERY - Displays the current state and properties of the device driver
  • HOSTNAME - Displays name of the computer
  • SYSTEMINFO - Shows configuration information about your computer
  • VER - Allows you to view the Windows version
  • GPRESULT – Displays current applied group policies (RSoP)
  • GPUPDATE – Updates group policies


  • IPCONFIG - Shows information about network interfaces
  • PING – Sends ICMP requests to the target host, checks host availability
  • TRACERT - Finds the path for packets traveling over the network
  • NSLOOKUP - Finds IP address by resource name
  • ROUTE - Displays network route tables
  • ARP- Shows a table with IP addresses converted into physical addresses
  • NETSH – Starts is a network settings control program
  • GETMAC - Shows the MAC address of the network adapter
  • TFTP – Starts TFTP client in console

Command Line Setup

  • CLS - Clears screen
  • CMD - Displays another command prompt
  • COLOR - Sets the text and background color
  • PROMPT - Changes the command line prompt
  • TITLE - Assigns a title for the current session
  • HELP – Launches CMD help
  • EXIT - Exits the command line
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