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Daniil Fedorov
May 20, 2024
Updated May 22, 2024

Network Attached Storage (NAS)

NAS (Network-Attached Storage) — is a storage device that connects to a local area network (LAN) and provides centralized access to data for multiple users and client devices. The basic idea behind NAS is to facilitate data sharing and centralize information storage at a single point on the network

Key features and benefits of NAS

  1. Centralized management: All data is stored in one place, making it easy to manage, backup and restore.
  2. Sharing: Multiple users and devices can access data simultaneously, making NAS ideal for office environments and home networks.
  3. Easy to deploy and manage: NAS is typically easily configured and managed through a web-based interface, allowing network administrators and users to add and configure disk space quickly and effortlessly.
  4. Scalability: You can easily add new hard disks to an existing system or install higher capacity devices to increase storage capacity.
  5. Multi-Protocol Support: NAS supports a variety of network protocols such as NFS (Network File System), SMB/CIFS (Server Message Block/Common Internet File System), and FTP (File Transfer Protocol), which ensures compatibility with various operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux, etc.).
  6. Security features: May include features such as role-based access control, data encryption, and tamper protection.

NAS Usage Examples

  • Home media servers: NAS is often used in home networks to store and stream media files (movies, music, photos) to various devices (smart TVs, computers, mobile devices).
  • Backup: Businesses and home users can use NAS to create centralized backups of data from a variety of devices.
  • Shared file storage: In office environments, NAS provides a convenient way for employees to share files and documents.
  • Data archiving: NAS devices can be used for long-term data storage and archiving.

How NAS works

  1.  Device: A NAS is a dedicated computer or server with multiple hard drives or solid state drives (SSDs) connected to a local network.
  2.  Operating System and Software: NAS devices use a special operating system and software optimized for managing files and network resources.
  3. Network connection: The device connects to the local network via Ethernet or Wi-Fi, allowing all network clients (computers, mobile devices, etc.) to access it.
  4. Data Access: Users can access the data stored on the NAS via network protocols (NFS, SMB/CIFS, FTP) or web interface.
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