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Serverspace Black Friday
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Daniil Fedorov
July 10, 2024
Updated July 10, 2024

Malware

Malware (Malicious Software) is a general term that describes any type of software designed to cause harm to a computer, its owner, or other users.

Objectives of Malware Attacks

Malware can take various forms and have different objectives, but its common feature is to intentionally cause harm or damage to a computer or its owner. Malware may be programmed to:

  1. Steal personal data, including logins, banking information, and other confidential details.
  2. Take control of a computer to use its resources for spamming, conducting cyber attacks such as DDoS, or other malicious activities.
  3. Destroy or damage data on a computer.
  4. Spy on a user by gathering information about their online behavior.
  5. Coerce a user into purchasing or downloading specific software or services.

Different Channels for Malware Spread

Malware spreads through various channels, including:

  1. Infected emails or attachments.
  2. Infected websites or downloaded files.
  3. Vulnerabilities in the operating system or applications.
  4. USB devices or other data carriers.

Various Types of Malware

Malware exists in several distinct types, including:

  • Viruses - these are programs that attach themselves to other files or programs and reproduce when activated.
  • Worms - these are programs that can reproduce and spread on their own without the need for a host.
  • Trojans - these are programs that pretend to be useful software but are actually intended to cause harm.
  • Spyware - these are programs designed to collect user information and transmit it to third parties.
  • Ransomware - these are programs that encrypt files on a computer and demand payment in exchange for decryption.

Protection from Malware

Protection from malware includes:

  1. Installing reliable antivirus software and regularly updating its databases to detect and block malicious programs.
  2. Implementing a strict policy to block suspicious files and websites to prevent intruders from entering your system.
  3. Protecting your online identity with strong passwords and two-factor authentication to prevent unauthorized access.
  4. Regularly updating the operating system and applications to have access to the latest security updates and features.
  5. Implementing strict access controls and permissions to protect critical systems and confidential data from unauthorized access or manipulation.
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