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Daniil Fedorov
July 3, 2024
Updated July 3, 2024

DEB-package

A DEB package represents a package format used in operating systems based on Debian, such as Debian, Ubuntu, and their derivatives. This package contains all the necessary information for installing, configuring, updating, or removing software.

Structure of a DEB Package

A DEB package is an archive that usually includes three key components:

Control.tar.gz: Contains metadata about the package, such as dependency information, package name, version, description, and scripts for installation and removal.
Data.tar.gz: Contains the program's files that will be installed on the system.
Debian-binary: A file containing the version of the DEB package format (usually just a text file with the number "2.0").

Key Metadata Fields

  • Package Name: Specifies the name of the software package.
  • Release Version: Indicates the current version of the package.
  • Category (Section): Classifies the package into a specific category.
  • Importance (Priority): Signifies how critical the package is (e.g., optional, required).
  • Target Architecture: Denotes the hardware architecture for which the package is intended (e.g., amd64, i386).
  • Dependencies: Lists other packages that must be installed for this package to operate properly.
  • Maintainer Info: Provides details about the individual or team responsible for the package.
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