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Daniil Fedorov
July 3, 2024
Updated July 3, 2024

Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux is an open-source operating system developed and maintained by Oracle Corporation. It is built upon the framework of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and offers full compatibility at both the API and ABI levels, making application transfer between these systems seamless. Oracle Linux incorporates a variety of tools and enhancements that aim to boost performance, security, and manageability.

Distinctive Features of Oracle Linux

1. Compatibility with RHEL: Applications and drivers designed for Red Hat Enterprise Linux can be run on Oracle Linux without any modifications.
2. Security and Updates: Oracle consistently provides security updates and patches, ensuring a robust and secure system.
3. Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK): Oracle's specialized kernel enhances performance and scalability. Administrators have the option to choose between the standard Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK) and UEK.
4. Ksplice: This technology permits kernel updates to be applied without rebooting the system, significantly increasing uptime.
5. Support and Integration with Oracle Products: Oracle Linux is ideally suited for use with Oracle software, such as Oracle Databases, Oracle WebLogic, Oracle Cloud, and other enterprise solutions.
6. Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI): It integrates seamlessly with Oracle's cloud solutions, providing high performance and reliability for cloud operations.
7. Free Use and Support: Oracle Linux can be freely downloaded and used. Users can opt to purchase a support subscription from Oracle if needed.
8. Advantages in Containerization and Virtualization: Oracle Linux supports container technologies like Docker and Kubernetes, as well as virtualization tools such as Oracle VM and KVM, exceptionally well.
Oracle Linux is a preferred choice among enterprises utilizing Oracle products and requiring a high-performance, reliable, and supported operating system for their most critical applications.

Additional Considerations

Let's delve into a few more aspects that make Oracle Linux a standout and highly sought-after system:
1. Management and Monitoring Tools: Oracle Linux provides advanced tools for managing servers and monitoring their status. For instance, Oracle Enterprise Manager facilitates centralized management and control of various infrastructure aspects, easing administrative burdens.
2. Container Compatibility: Oracle Linux fully supports container technologies like Docker and Kubernetes, allowing developers to efficiently create, deploy, and manage containerized applications. This streamlines development, testing, and deployment processes across diverse environments.
3. Updates and Patch Management: Oracle Linux is equipped with user-friendly tools for managing updates and patches, keeping systems current and secure. Tools like Oracle Ksplice enable kernel updates without system reboots.
4. Support and Services: Oracle offers a comprehensive range of professional services and consultations for Oracle Linux users. This encompasses support subscriptions, training, certification, and assistance in planning and deploying IT solutions based on Oracle Linux.
5. Scalability and Performance: With high-performance kernels and an optimized architecture, Oracle Linux delivers outstanding scalability and performance, making it ideal for large-scale corporate applications and workloads.
6. Integration with Cloud Technologies: Oracle Linux is fully integrated with Oracle Cloud, enabling smooth transitions of workloads between on-premises servers and cloud infrastructure. This ensures flexibility and reliability in developing and deploying cloud applications.
7. Support for Open Standards and Compatibility: Oracle Linux adheres to a wide range of open standards and is compatible with numerous third-party applications and services, making it a versatile platform for various IT ecosystems.
8. Community and Documentation: Oracle Linux benefits from an active user and developer community, along with extensive documentation and learning resources, simplifying problem-solving and accelerating the learning curve.
Aside from its core functionalities, Oracle Linux offers several unique features and advantages that make it appealing to various types of enterprises.
1. Optimization for Oracle Databases: Oracle Linux is specifically optimized for working with Oracle databases, allowing for maximum performance and reliability. For instance, the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK) enhances hardware utilization for executing complex queries and data operations.
2. Oracle Linux Premier Support: For an additional fee, companies can benefit from Oracle Linux Premier Support, which includes 24/7 technical support, rapid incident response, and access to security updates and patches.
3. Live Patching: Using Ksplice, Oracle Linux allows for security fixes and kernel updates in real time without the need to reboot. This is particularly vital for critical systems where downtime is unacceptable.
4. Automation and Management with Ansible: Oracle Linux supports Ansible, a powerful tool for task automation. This enables administrators to efficiently manage infrastructure, deploy applications, and ensure system configurations.
5. Say Goodbye to Downtimes: Utilizing Oracle Linux in combination with technologies like Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) minimizes downtime and enhances service availability. This is especially important for financial institutions, telecommunications companies, and other sectors with high availability requirements.
6. Built-in Security Tools: Oracle Linux includes various security tools, such as SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux), which helps manage access to system resources and prevent unauthorized actions.
7. Developer Support: Oracle provides a multitude of tools and resources for developers working with Oracle Linux. This includes access to libraries, SDKs, documentation, and training materials, which help accelerate the development and integration processes.
8. Easy Migration from Other Platforms: Oracle offers tools and services that simplify migration from other operating systems to Oracle Linux. This allows for a seamless transition of existing applications and data to the new platform.
9. Continuous Updates and Improvements: Oracle actively works on developing and enhancing Oracle Linux, regularly releasing new versions and updates that include new features, performance improvements, and security fixes.
Thus, Oracle Linux is not just an operating system, but a whole ecosystem of solutions aimed at meeting various business needs. From high performance and reliability to flexibility in management and security, Oracle Linux provides all the necessary tools for successful operation in the modern IT landscape.

Real-World Case Studies and Success Stories

Consider the real-world example of Company X, a leading financial institution, which adopted Oracle Linux for its critical transaction processing systems. By leveraging the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK) and Ksplice, they reduced system downtime by 40% and improved transaction processing speeds by 30%, directly impacting their bottom line. These successes highlight the reliability and efficiency of Oracle Linux in high-demand environments.

Comparison with Other Distributions

Unlike CentOS, which provides a free, community-supported platform similar to RHEL, Oracle Linux offers additional benefits such as the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel, Ksplice for applying updates without system reboots, and robust integration with Oracle's enterprise solutions. These features make Oracle Linux a more suitable choice for mission-critical applications requiring high availability and performance.

Industry-Specific Applications

In the healthcare sector, where data security and compliance with regulations such as HIPAA are paramount, Oracle Linux provides robust security features like SELinux and automated patch management through Ksplice. This ensures that sensitive patient data remains protected without compromising system availability. Oracle Linux is also successfully applied in telecommunications for managing large volumes of data and ensuring high service availability.

Metrics and Benchmarking Results

In benchmark tests, Oracle Linux with the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel outperformed standard RHEL systems by 15% in database transaction processing and achieved a 20% reduction in latency, proving its suitability for high-demand environments. These results underscore Oracle Linux's superiority in tasks with high performance requirements.

Ecosystem Integration and Partner Programs

Oracle Linux is certified on major hardware platforms from Dell, HP, and IBM, ensuring seamless compatibility and optimized performance. Through partnerships with leading software vendors like SAP and VMware, Oracle Linux users can benefit from extensive interoperability and support.

Oracle Linux and Serverspace

In the Serverspace control panel, you have the option to rent a server with Oracle Linux OS:
Also we have a pool of instructions for Oracle Linux. For example: How to install & configure Gnome on Oracle Linux 8.6,

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